The Pacific region continues to hold some of the highest figures of violence against women and some of the lowest figures for female political representation. The Women’s Rights and Advocacy in the Pacific (WRAP) is calling on Pacific Island leaders to take urgent action to promote gender equity in the region. This report details 14 recommendations on how to effectively address sexual and gender-based violence and to increase women’s roles in public and political decision making.
For the vast majority of people in Gaza, life has not become any easier, despite pledges by the Government of Israel in June and December 2010 to ease the ongoing blockade. Not only have certain commitments gone unfulfilled, but the unacceptably high levels of poverty and unemployment show that a token number of trucks cannot deliver what people need to rebuild their shattered lives. Karni crossing has been locked down, exports over the last year have all but ceased, and the entry of materials needed to kick start the economy remain hopelessly delayed.
This Oxfam media brief documents some of the devastating impacts that extreme weather events have had on global, regional and local food security in 2010-11, and the severe consequences for the lives and livelihoods of people in poverty. Our failure to cope with the climate variability and shocks of today presents a daunting outlook for food security tomorrow. For governments around the world this serves as an urgent call to act at the UN climate talks in Durban if the extreme weather events witnessed in 2010-11 are not to be a grim foretaste of future suffering and hunger.
This report discusses the findings related to witchcraft and sorcery, and how this contributes to insecurity in Gumine District.
Climate change is predicted to have severe consequences for South Asia. Imbalances in economic growth, inequality among castes, classes, between genders, and a region beset by disasters, have added to the suffering of the poor and those most vulnerable and marginalised. Some of the predicted impacts of climate change include increased variability in both monsoon and winter rainfall patterns; increase in average temperatures, with warmer winters; increased salinity in coastal areas as a result of rising seas and reduced discharge of major rivers; weakening ecosystems; the recession of glaciers in the Himalayas; and increased frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events.
Women in Afghanistan have achieved real progress in areas such as political participation, the rule of law, and education since 2001, but these hard-won gains remain fragile. With the imminent withdrawal of international forces, there is a risk that the government may sacrifice women’s rights in order to secure a political deal with the Taliban and other armed opposition groups.
Food prices are a matter of life and death to many in the developing world. Financial markets that should be helping food growers and processors to manage their risk and set prices have become a potential threat to global food security. Deregulated and secretive agricultural commodity derivatives markets have attracted huge sums of speculative money, and there is growing evidence that they deliver distorted and unpredictable food prices. Financial speculation can play an important role to help food producers and end users manage risks, but in light of the harm that excessive speculation may cause to millions, action is required now to address the problem. This briefing explains what has gone wrong with financial markets and what the United States, the European Union and other G20 members should do to fix them.
Eastern Highlands Family Voice (EHFV) has been working with those affected by family violence in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea for the last ten years. This report by EHFV and Oxfam looks at its case histories over the last three years, to help build a profile of who uses their services and why. The information will help identify what information and support is needed by clients, so that EHFV can improve and better target their counselling services.
The new wave of land deals is not the new investment in agriculture that millions had been waiting for. The poorest people are being hardest hit as competition for land intensifies. Oxfam’s research has revealed that residents regularly lose out to local elites and domestic or foreign investors because they lack the power to claim their rights effectively and to defend and advance their interests. Companies and governments must take urgent steps to improve land rights outcomes for people living in poverty. Power relations between investors and local communities must also change if investment is to contribute to rather than undermine the food security and livelihoods of local communities.
London-based New Forests Company (NFC) would seem to be the design blueprint of how a young modern company should conduct a major land investment in Africa in a responsible way. Oxfam’s investigations reveal that serious allegations by people who were evicted from land to make way for NFC’s operations remain unresolved.