2004 Reports

December 1, 2004

This report examines the garment industry in Fiji. The industry is of particular significance and importance due to its rapid ascent in becoming the country's number one key export. It remains a critical industry for the economy and a source of employment for the poor. However, its precariousness is highlighted by even slight changes to regional and global trading agreements and political volatility. Criticism over labour conditions and freedom of labour rights also continue to weaken the industry’s standing.

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November 1, 2004

Everything you need to know about world agriculture in crisis from US cotton to EU sugar. Globally, agricultural trade is worth $674 billion a year but this potential to drive growth, equity and development is being lost. Developing countries – with around 98% of all farmers – capture only a third of global trade. Find out what’s going wrong and what needs to change to Make Trade Fair.

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July 12, 2004
Access to HIV/AIDS medicines makes a huge difference to the lives of people living with HIV and their families. The future of successful HIV/AIDS treatment programmes in Thailand could be seriously threatened if the USA succeeds in pressurising Thailand to accept stringent new intellectual property (IP) standards in the bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA). The Thai programmes lack some important medicines that are vital for scaling up treatment, but which are currently patented and  priced out of reach of the government, NGOs, and most patients. Currently, the Thai government has, for example, the option of issuing a compulsory licence to over-ride the patents and authorise domestic production or import of affordable generic versions of these medicines. But if the USA gets its way in the FTA negotiations, such options may be closed down. 
June 1, 2004

It is shocking how few governments make a serious attempt to consider the impact on development of their arms exports. Paying lip service to such a commitment means that scarce resources are being diverted from the fight against poverty, and millions are suffering as a result. To protect the social and economic rights of people in developing countries, it is imperative that exporting governments apply an effective and systematic methodology to assess whether proposed arms transfers will affect sustainable development.

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April 22, 2004
Universal primary education (UPE)  could save at least 7 million young people from contracting HIV over a decade. However, without dramatic increases in aid to education, Africa will not be able to get every child into school for another 150 years. This report sets out why UPE is crucial to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and outlines what both rich and poor countries need to do now to enable millions of children to learn to survive. 
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March 1, 2004

In August 2004 the world’s athletes will gather in Athens for the Summer Olympic Games. Global sportswear firms will spend vast sums of money to associate their products with the Olympian ideal. Images of Olympic events, complete with corporate branding, will be televised to a global audience. The expansion of international trade in sportswear goods under  the auspices of corporate giants such as Nike, Adidas and Reebok has drawn millions of people, mainly women, into employment. From China and Indonesia to Turkey and Bulgaria, they work long hours for low wages in arduous conditions, often without the most basic employment protection. The rights to join and form trade unions and to engage in collective bargaining are systematically violated. This report asks fundamental questions about the global sportswear industry – questions that go to the heart of debates on poverty, workers’ rights, trade, and globalisation.

February 11, 2004

The Indian government spearheaded an extraordinary humanitarian response to the tsunami disaster in India, mobilizing a vast array of resources. Although the relief phase is now largely over, an enormous amount of work must be done to meet the rehabilitation and recovery needs of the affected coastal communities in South India and on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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January 19, 2004

Globalisation has drawn millions of women into paid employment across the developing world. Their work is fuelling valuable national export growth. Their jobs could be providing the income, security, and support needed to lift them and their families out of poverty. Instead, women workers are systematically being denied their fair share of the benefits brought by globalisation. Commonly hired on short-term contracts - or with no contract at all - women are working at high speed for low wages in unhealthy conditions.

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