In the four years from 2004 - 2008, Oxfam carried out its largest aid effort to date - the response to the Boxing Day Tsunami. During this time, Oxfam delivered a $294m programme, assisting some 2.5 million people in seven countries, and helping to rebuild the lives and improve the living conditions of hundreds and thousands of survivors. This report evaluates Oxfam’s response to the Tsunami. It recognises the challenges and limitations of implementing such a huge aid programme, and identifies ways to overcome these in the future.
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Oxfam estimates that at least 50 billion dollars per year is required to address urgent climate adaptation needs in developing countries. The report argues that the obligation to provide substantial financing should be fulfilled by those countries with the greatest historical responsibility for emissions and the economic capability to provide assistance. It then goes on to examine ways to finance adaptation needs in a post-2012 regime.
Governments at Poznan must agree to a comprehensive, global political deal to fight climate change and consign poverty to the history books, or else be responsible for halting and then reversing human development. This report advocates for the negotiation of a treaty that keeps global average temperature increases well below 2°C. It calls on rich countries to accept their fair share of the global burden - helping developing countries’ mitigation efforts by contributing finance, technology, and capacity-building over and above development-aid commitments.
Diseases that disproportionately affect the developing world cause immense suffering and ill health. Medical innovation has the potential to deliver new medicines, vaccines, and diagnostics to overcome these diseases, yet few treatments have emerged. Current efforts to resolve the crisis are inadequate: financing for research and development (R&D) is insufficient, uncoordinated, and mostly tied to the system of intellectual property rights. Delivering appropriate medicines and vaccines requires reforms to the existing R&D system and a willingness to invest in promising new approaches.
Six months have passed since the massive earthquake of May 12 hit Sichuan and its environs. Oxfam Hong Kong began planning its humanitarian response on that same day and will be assisting survivors for another four years to come with relief, rehabilitation and community development. Oxfam believes that reconstruction work should not be limited to restoring the pre-disaster situation in affected areas. We are taking the opportunity of reconstruction to assist poor people with long-term and sustainable development; Today, as such reconstruction projects are gradually being launched, Oxfam Hong Kong delivers this report to communicate how it has been assisting survivors through the disaster and its aftermath.
A joint initiative between Oxfam and the investment industry, The Better Returns in a Better World Project aims to assess the potential for investors to contribute to poverty alleviation through their investment activities.
The recent rise in food prices should have benefited millions of poor people who make their living from agriculture. Yet current trade policies are preventing poor farmers from benefiting from the higher commodity prices. This report makes 10 key recommendations which could enable both poor consumers and producers to cope in periods of excessive price fluctuations.
Increased defense spending drains governmental resources, which could otherwise fund education, health care, and social development. Further, many developing countries’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are being undermined by irresponsible arms transfers, which fuel armed conflict and interfere with their citizens’ economic, social, and cultural rights. This report argues that while it is crucial to look at the continuing demand for weapons and the reasons communities or states resort to armed violence, strong initiatives must be taken to address their supply and availability. A strong Arms Trade Treaty is urgently needed to ensure that all states involved in an arms transfer consider the impact on the MDGs and on sustainable development.
In January 2007, Oxfam Australia undertook a food security baseline survey in Timor Leste in partnership with three NGOS; Christian Children’s Fund, Concern Worldwide and CARE International. Funded by the European Commission Food Security Program, the survey was conducted in seven districts of Timor Leste. Its purpose was to provide a clear understanding of the food situation in these targeted districts in order to implement an effective and targeted food security program. Food insecurity in Timor-Leste is a serious problem, with 70 per cent of households moderately to severely food insecure. The causes of this epidemic are multifaceted, and while some causes are common to Timor Leste as a whole, many of the root causes vary by region. These, and other findings, are presented in this report.
In failing to tackle climate change appropriately, rich countries are effectively violating the human rights of millions of the world’s poorest people. Continued excessive greenhouse-gas emissions, primarily from industrialised nations, are causing devastating climatic changes. The results are failed harvests, disappearing islands, destroyed homes, water scarcity, and deepening health crises. These are undermining the basic human rights of millions of people in the developing world; the right to food, water, health, and shelter, for example. . Such rights violations could never truly be remedied in courts of law. In order to stop this irreversible damage, human-rights principles must be put at the heart of international climate-change policy making now.