Under the watchful gaze of his friends, Osman rubs the soap carefully between each of his fingers. He sheepishly admits that he doesn’t know quite how old he is: “I think I am three… or maybe four,” and says he would like to go to school so he can know more about numbers. But, he adds proudly, he does know exactly how to wash his hands properly after going to the latrine – something he rarely did just a few weeks ago. And he proceeds to demonstrate to the group of children, who – like Osman – have started attending Oxfam’s child-to-child educational programmes that aim to equip the children of Kalma camp with knowledge that could save their life.
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Pamela Ataa’s story is an all too common one in Turkana, northern Kenya. She speaks to Oxfam’s Jane Beesley about the desperate position that she, and many other pastoralists are now in.
In Samoa, Oxfam's enterprising partner WIBDI has already turned coconuts into a viable income for more than 200 rural families with a break-through contract to supply virgin coconut oil to cosmetic giant The Body Shop.
Cosmas Piri’s sense of despair as a young school leaver reflected the feelings of many young people in Bougainville in the late 1990s. Nine years of civil unrest disrupted or destroyed much of Bougainville’s infrastructure – health, water, sanitation, education, transport and communication. Thousands of people had died. The economic impact was enormous and the physical, psychological and cultural damage will take many years to heal.
Life in Shangil Tobai: Since the conflict began in 2003, about two million people across Darfur have been displaced. Homeless and destitute, most have ended up in sprawling IDP camps and towns. There, Oxfam is supporting a large number of them by providing water, sanitation, hygiene promotion and the distribution of essential items such as water containers, soap, mats, blankets and women’s clothing. Two of the smaller camps in North Darfur are Shangil Tobai and Shadad, which have grown on the edge of Shangil Tobai town, about 80kms south of the provincial capital El Fasher. Together, the two camps are home to nearly 20,000 people. Most have fled villages in the surrounding area, many just a few miles away.
Many villagers have had virtually everything they owned taken from them. So the Oxfam livelihoods team is first focusing on helping to replace what has been lost. Grain and vegetable seeds have been distributed and villages will be carefully re-stocked with donkeys and other animals.
More than three months after first visiting Pakistan's earthquake-stricken zone, The Guardian Photographer of the Year, Dan Chung, visits the remote hilltop village of Kuz Ganrshal in northern Pakistan. The hardy people of Kuz Ganrshal were unprepared to move to refugee camps after last year's earthquake, preferring to live up to five families per home instead. Oxfam has distributed blankets, plastic sheets, mats, hygiene kits and tents.
Aceh one year on by Oxfam Aid Worker Douglas Keatinge.
Oxfam Aid Worker Malcolm Fleming explains how a grant to fix the machinery at Mrs Meuna Soysa’s Coir Mill has enabled a whole community to get back to work.
Yanty Lacsana talks about her work as Oxfam's partner support and liaison manager in Aceh, Indonesia.